Шпаргалки по теоретической грамматике английского языка - РГПУ им.Герцена
1. Grammar in the systemic conception of language. The development of grammar as a science. 2. The History of English Grammar. Two periods in the development of English Grammar. The fundamental ideas and the main schools of linguistics. 3. The structure of English. The general organisation of morphological forms. Synthetic forms and analytical forms. 4. The notion of Category in grammatical morphology. Categorial structure of the word. Definition and principles of categorisation. 5. Morphemic structure of the word. 6. Units of Grammar. Paradigmatic and syntagmatic relations of grammatical units. 7. Units of Grammar. Morphological and syntactic units. Morphology and Syntax. 8. Parts of Speech. The principles of classification of Parts of Speech. The problem of notional and functional Parts of Speech. 9. Parts of Speech. Different classifications of parts of speech. The problem of referring a word to a part of speech in an isolated language. 10. The Noun as a Part of Speech, types of combinability, subclasses of nouns. 11. The Noun. The Category of Number. Pluralia Tantum and Singularia Tantum 12. The Noun. The Categories of Case and Gender. 13. The Noun. The Article determination. 14. The Verb as a Part of Speech, subclasses of verbs, subcategorisation. 15. The Verb: General. Specific forms of word – building. The categories of verbs. 16. The Verb. The Categories of Tense and Aspect 17. The Verb. The Category of Voice and Perfect. 18. The Verb. The Category of Mood. 19. The Verb. The Category of Person and Number and other categories. 20. Non-finite forms of the verb and their role in the verbal paradigm.(The Infinitive. The Gerund. The Present Participle. The Past Participle) 21. Pronoun as a Part of Speech, types of pronouns. 22. The Adjective as an object of Grammar. The Stative: General. 23. The Adverb as a Part of Speech. Modal Words: General. 24. The Numeral as a part of speech. 25. Functional Parts of Speech. (The Preposition. The Conjunction. The Particle. The Interjection). 26. Syntax. The history of development. Syntax. Two levels of Syntax. Types of Syntax. 27. The Phrase. The theory of phrase in our and western linguistics. The three rank theory. The theory of valency.. 28. The Phrase. Syntactical relations between the components of a phrase. Syntactic processes. Types of phrases. 29. The sentence as a unit of syntax. The sentence and its features. Types of sentences. 30. Simple sentence. Constituent structure. 31. Simple sentence. Paradigmatic structure. 32. Types of simple sentences in English. One–member sentences and Elliptical sentences. 33. Types of simple sentences in English. Communicative types of sentences. 34. Composite sentence as a polypredicative construction. Syndetic and asyndetic types of the connection of clauses in a composite sentence. Complex and compound sentences. 35. Composite sentence. Complex sentence. 36. Composite sentence. Compound sentence. 37. Transition from simple to composite sentences. Semi–complex sentences 38. Transition from simple to composite sentences. Semi–compound sentences 39. Traditional division of the sentences into its parts. The two-level hierarchy of sentence parts. The opposition of the Main and Secondary parts. 40. Parts of a sentence. The Main parts of a sentence. (The Subject and the Predicate). 41. Parts of a sentence. The Secondary parts of a sentence. (The Object, the Attribute, the Adverbial Modifier). 42. Types of Subordinate clauses. Subject and predicative clauses. 43. Types of Subordinate clauses. Object and Attributive clauses. 44. Types of Subordinate clauses. Adverbial clauses. 45. Word order. The role of word order in isolated languages. 46. The Sequence of Tenses. 47. Semantic syntax. 48. Communicative syntax. Actual division of the sentence. 49. Pragmatic syntax and cognitive grammar 50. Grammar of the text.